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December 18, 2018
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Stuck Elevator/ Elevator Rescues
Posted On: Sep 01, 2010
 

 

Tool Assignments
Truck
Officer: flashlight, lock box keys (if available)
Irons:    haligan, flat head axe, hydra ram
Can:      6’ hook, elevator keys
Driver: Little Giant ladder
 
Rescue:

Officer:  flashlight, elevator keys

Irons:    haligan, flat head axe, hydra-ram

Can:      Elevator pole, trombone tool, freight tool (as needed)

Note: if no officer, Can position shall carry the flashlight and elevator keys

 
Engine (if assigned)

Officer: flashlight, lockbox keys (if available)

Nozzle: Irons

Hydrant: EMS bag

Driver:    monitor radio, bring in additional equipment

 

Personnel Positioning:

Truck:

Officer and Irons: Elevator machine room: secure the power disconnect, and operate the relief valve if necessary

 

Can: Checking hoist way door immediately above and/or below floor where elevator is stuck if the Rescue has no officer, the Truck Can position will go to the elevator machine room with Truck Irons position

 

Driver: lobby or front of building as a relay for radio communications and as a gofer for additional equipment (Little giant, airbags, etc.)

 

*Note: If the Rescue has no Officer, the Truck officer will join up with the Rescue to supervise passenger removal

 

*Note: the first arriving company must attempt to locate the stuck elevator car and establish communications with the passenger/s

 
Rescue:

Floor where elevator is located for size-up and removal of trapped passengers

 

Engine (when assigned)

Officer and Nozzle Position: locate the stuck elevator car and establish communications with the passenger/s, determine if it is incident or emergency, attempt to open elevator using Primary Removal procedures

 

Driver: at Engine, available to bring in additional equipment; i.e. Little Giant

 

Note: all personnel must be on channel 3 (talk-around) to ensure communications within the building. The truck driver will relay any information (under control, etc.) to dispatch via channel 1 (main)

 
Procedure:

1.    Locate the elevator

Using the lobby indicator
Communicating with the passenger/s through hoist way doors
Using the car floor indicator in the machine room
Using the car floor indicator in the machine room
Opening up the hoist-way and looking up the shaft and counting landings
Looking down the smoke hole and counting landings
Using emergency phones (if present and operable)
 

2.    Incident or Emergency?

Establish communications with trapped occupant/s to determine whether the situation is an Incident or an Emergency

 

Incident: a stuck elevator containing passenger/s not in immediate danger and having no medical issues

Emergency: a stuck elevator where a passenger is experiencing a medical emergency, severe panic, or fire is endangering passenger/s

 

Note: an incident can escalate to an emergency at any time. Elevator conditions must be monitored throughout the call by constant communications

 

3.    Elevator mechanic

Have the building manager ensure that an elevator mechanic has been contacted and will be responding to the building

City operated buildings may require dispatch to contact housing in order to summon an elevator mechanic

 

4.    Primary Removal Procedures

Check elevator contacts
Have passengers make sure that the emergency button has not been pressed
Have passengers try to push the “door open” button

Have passengers make sure that the elevator car doors are fully closed by pushing them

Check hoist way doors in the vicinity of the stuck car (Truck Can Firefighter will be doing this)

Activate Fire service Phase I
If the car does not respond, turn to “Bypass” then “off”

Attempt to reset the system by shutting down power to the stuck elevator, waiting 15 seconds and restoring power

If these steps fail, ensure that an elevator mechanic has been called with secondary procedure

 

5.    Secondary Removal Procedures (hydraulic elevators)

Have members in the machine room shut down power. Prior to beginning secondary procedure, personnel must ensure power is shut down to all cars being used

Explain to the passenger/s that the elevator is going to be lowered
Open the hoist way door at the lowest floor
Have personnel open the relief valve

Once the elevator is almost level with the floor radio personnel to close the relief valve

Open the elevator car doors

After power has been shut down to the stuck elevator, FD personnel shall not restore it

Ensure that out of service elevators and hoist way doors have been closed and secured prior to clearing the scene

 

6.    Secondary Removal Procedures (traction elevators with elevator keyholes)

Locate the best floor for passenger removal. Every attempt shall be made to remove passengers up and out of a car. If passengers must be removed down and out, a Little Giant ladder should be laid across the hoist way opening

Have personnel in the machine room shut down power to the stuck car

Choose the appropriate key and trip the interlock to open the hoist-way door

Open the elevator car door (it may be helpful to have the passengers assist in opening the elevator car door)

Once power has been shut down to the stuck elevator, FD personnel shall not restore power

Ensure that out of service elevators and hoist way doors have been closed and secure prior to clearing the scene

 

7.    Secondary Removal Procedures (Traction Elevators without elevator keyholes)

Locate the best floor for passenger removal. Every attempt shall be made to remove passengers up and out of a car. If passengers must be removed down and out, a Little Giant ladder should be laid across the hoist-way opening

Have personnel in machine room shut down power to the stuck car

Align the adjacent elevator as close to the stuck elevator as possible for poling

Have personnel in the machine room shut down power to the adjacent car
Pole the hoist-way door open

Open the elevator car door. (It may be helpful to have the passengers assist in opening the elevator car door)

Once power has been shut down to the stuck elevator, FD personnel shall not restore power

Ensure that out of service elevators and hoist-way doors have been closed and secured prior to clearing scene

 

8.    Emergency Removal Procedures

Note:

Only used after Primary and Secondary procedures have failed, AND the situation fits conditions for an emergency as defined in this SOP

 
  1. Forcible entry with hydra ram or air bag:
*Power should have already been shut down during secondary procedure
Use a halligan to gain a purchase on the hoist-way door

Insert the hydra ram or air bag as high as possible in the hoist-way door at the leading edge (the one ton 6” X 6” bag is to be used for this operation. Line up the center of the air bag with the edge of the door)

Open the hydra ram or inflate the air bag
Open the elevator car door

Ensure that out of service elevators and hoist-way doors have been closed and secured prior to clearing the scene

 
  1. Top hatch removal
*Power should have already been shut down during secondary procedure
Open the hoist way door above the stuck car

Ensure all personnel entering the shaft have been secured with life saving rope. Only two people may enter the shaft at one time

Open the top hatch
Lower a ladder into the elevator car
One firefighter must enter the car
Each passenger must be secured with life-safety rope prior to removal

Passengers are passed to firefighter on top of car where they are helped out of the shaft one at a time

Ensure that out of service elevators and hoist-way doors have been closed and secured prior to clearing the scene

 
 
 
Key points
  • Personnel must be sure their radios are set to channel 3 to ensure communication within the building. The truck driver will act as a relay to dispatch
  • An elevator mechanic must be called to the scene
  • Once FD shuts down the power, we do not turn it back on
  • Even though power is shut down to the car, there will still be power on top of the car
  • While poling, power must be shut down to both cars
  • Anybody operating in a hoist-way shall be tied off using the life safety rope
  • Primary and secondary procedures are not bypassed during emergency conditions due to the fact that it is usually faster to gain access using primary and secondary procedures
  • Prior to clearing scene, always make sure that all elevator and hoist-way doors have been secured in the closed position
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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