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RIT Operations
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:        2.005
TYPE:      Operations
TITLE:     RIT Operations
DATE:     February 1, 2010     

  1. The National Fire Protection Association Standard 1500, Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program (2007 ed.), states: “emergency services personnel respond to many incidents that present a high risk to personnel safety. Departments…must have a minimum of two persons on scene, fully equipped when members are operating in an IDLH or potentially IDLH atmosphere. The primary purpose is the rescue of injured, lost or trapped firefighters. As the incident escalates the rapid intervention component should expand and become a dedicated rapid intervention crew/company.”
  1. The Norwalk Fire Department shall always operate with a Rapid Intervention Team (RIT) present at all structure fires and any other incidents deemed to present a serious hazard to operating personnel.
  1. Initial Dispatch
    1. Initial RIT unit assigned will normally be the second arriving Truck Company but an Engine Company can be substituted if necessary
    2. A replacement unit must be on scene if the Incident Commander (IC) needs to assign the original RIT to other duties.
    3. Once an incident has been reported under control, IC can assign RIT as needed, or a RIT may no longer be assigned.
  1. Staging and Set Up
Upon arrival as the RIT, a RIT staging area will be set up near the Command Post. Each member will be equipped with full PPE, including an SCBA, box light, and a radio turned to channel #3 (talk-around)
1.      The officer is responsible for having the following equipment:
a.      Thermal Imaging Camera (TIC) if available
b.      Accountability Sheet (line-up)
c.      Use tag system as specified in Accountability SOP 2.081
2.      The Irons (nozzle) position is responsible for the following:
a.      Set of Irons
b.      Vent or straight chain saw
c.      Rotary saw
3.      The can (hydrant) position is responsible for the following equipment:
a.      Pressurized water extinguisher
b.      6’ foot hook
c.      RIT Tarp
d.      Two (2) RIT bags
4.      The driver is responsible for the following equipment:
a.      halligan bar
b.      6’ foot hook
c.      150’ rope bag for search
5.      When an Engine replaces a Truck as RIT they should use the RIT equipment that has been already assembled on the RIT tarp by the Truck crew
  1. Initial On-Scene Duties:
1.      A complete 360° size-up of the building needs to be done. The entire company with the exception of the driver will perform this.
2.      During the 360° evaluate, and if needed, perform the following:
a.      Secondary access and egress points
b.      Locking devices (force lock open if able, control door)
c.      Security measures (bars, gates, plexi-glass)
d.      Ladder placement points
e.      Fire conditions
3.      Driver will check with the first due Truck to evaluate if it can be used to access the fire building.
4.      Irons and Can position will place a minimum of two ground ladders against the fire building as directed by the officer.
5.      The officer will confirm with the IC the locations where companies are assigned and operating.
D.    Duties while incident continues:
1.      Check in with and standby the IC
2.      Stand-by in a ready position monitoring fire conditions.
3.      Continue to monitor locations of operating companies
4.      Monitor the radio for:
a.      Progress reports
b.      Emergency traffic
c.      May Days
G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\SOP 2.005_RIT.doc

MAYDAY Procedure
Jul 15, 2010


To establish a standard procedure for sending a radio message that would indicate a life threatening situation. Any Norwalk Fire Department member may use this if he feels he or another firefighter is in a life threatening situation.  


This procedure is applicable to all members of the Norwalk Fire Department at the scene of an emergency.


1)     Whenever any personnel are in a situation they believe to be a life threatening situation, and/or unable to escape, they shall transmit a MAYDAY.


2)     Whenever any personnel see another firefighter/s in a life threatening situation, they shall transmit a MAYDAY.


3)     The individual calling the MAYDAY, shall repeat the word “MAYDAY” three (3) times over their portable radio and activate the emergency (orange “MAYDAY”) button on their radio. Whenever possible, the member shall give Norwalk Communications their last known location and any other pertinent information that will help in their rescue.

For Example:

“MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY. This is Firefighter Smith, Engine 1, I am lost somewhere on the second floor, I think I am near the A-B corner, I am low on air.


The trapped firefighter should also manually activate their PASS alarm after transmitting the MAYDAY, if it has not activated already.


NOTE: If you are unable to reach anyone via radio using the Main frequency (freq. 1 & 14) turn the channel selector switch all the way to the right; this will put the radio on Talk Around (freq. 3 & 16) You can than repeat your message, which will go directly to all radios on the scene, by passing the radio repeater.


NOTE: You can activate the emergency (MAYDAY) button regardless of what frequency the radio is on. The emergency activation will transmit on the main frequency.


NOTE: firefighter glove thickness can make pressing the emergency button difficult. 


Personnel should not wait until the last moment to call a MAYDAY. If the SCBA low alarm has activated and/or you are confused as to where you are, a MAYDAY should be transmitted. (It is better to risk a little embarrassment and go home safely to your family)


The “LUNAR” acronym provides an easy way to remember the information the firefighter transmitting the Mayday needs to provide to the IC. Further information regarding the LUNAR acronym is provided in Appendix A of this SOP.


Once the emergency (MAYDAY) button is activated, the dispatcher will immediately know what portable is activated:  E1 Nozzle” will be displayed at the dispatch console.


The Fire Dispatcher shall immediately contact the activated portable.


Example: “Norwalk to Engine 1 nozzle, your emergency button is activated, what is your problem?”


Three scenarios from MAYDAY activation:


1)     “Engine 1 nozzle to Norwalk, no problem, accidental activation.” (Engine 1 nozzle man turns radio off, and back on again, to clear the signal.)


2)     “Engine 1 nozzle to Norwalk, FF Jones, I am trapped in the basement, on the C side, I am by myself, I have 1500 psi air and cannot  find an exit”

3)     No response
Actions for scenarios 2 & 3:

Dispatcher shall immediately contact the I.C. and report that there was a MAYDAY activation and relay any information passed along by the firefighter. The Dispatcher should also immediately notify the Dispatch Supervisor.


Each portable radio is assigned to a specific riding position on your apparatus, which should match your assignment on the Riding List. If you switch portables, or you inadvertently take it to another station, etc., firefighter accountability is compromised.

  • Whenever a MAYDAY message is transmitted, a PAR (roll call) shall be conducted by the IC.
  • The RIT shall be activated.
  • All other radio communication on the frequency is to cease, switching to another frequency if possible.
  • Firefighting Personnel shall not “freelance” a rescue operation.
  • MAYDAY operations and assignments shall be directed by the I.C.
  • The I.C. shall assign an operations officer to command on-going firefighting operations while the I.C. commands the MAYDAY operation.
  • The I.C. shall call for additional resources to simultaneously continue firefighting operations and support the RIT in locating and removing the missing personnel.
  • At the point where rescue operations have ceased or the I.C. believes the situation has been stabilized, the I.C. shall transmit the information to Norwalk in order to bring the MAYDAY operation to a close.

G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.082_Mayday.doc

Appendix A

Using the LUNAR acronym:

The acronym LUNAR stands for the following:



This acronym is easy to remember and will provide the I.C. and the RIT the information necessary to assist the firefighter in distress as quickly and efficiently as possible.


The order of the information included in the LUNAR report is not critical, as long as all the information is transmitted. The acronym is just an easy way to remember the information that is necessary.


By providing this information the IC and the RIT will know where they will be searching, who they are searching for, the firefighter’s air supply, and what equipment (aside from the standard RIT equipment) may be needed to assist the firefighter.


“MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY”, (Wait for Command to acknowledge) “I am on the second floor, B side. Engine 6, Firefighter Jones. I have 2500 psi of air remaining. My legs are trapped after a ceiling collapse. Pry bars and chains will be needed to free my legs”.


All personnel are encouraged to review and practice transmitting a Mayday and giving a LUNAR update on a regular basis.

Emergency and non Emergency Response and Vehicle Safety
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:        2.001
TYPE:      Operations
TITLE:      Emergency and non Emergency Response and Vehicle Safety
DATE:      January 20, 2010 (revised)

Norwalk Fire Department responses to and from emergency incidents, as well as emergency operations on roadways, present a high level of risk to fire fighter safety. This procedure identifies requirements for the implementation of a safe Fire Department vehicle operations program. This procedure shall be enforced for all Fire Department vehicle operations. The company officer and the driver of the vehicle are responsible for the safety of all vehicle operations and managing compliance of this standard operating procedure.
Fire Department vehicles shall be operated in either, an emergency mode utilizing vehicle emergency lights and sirens, (e.g. Code 1) or a non-emergency mode (e.g. Code 3). Regardless of the vehicle operation mode, it is the responsibility of the driver of each Fire Department vehicle to drive safely
and prudently. It is the responsibility of the company officer to ensure that the driver is operating the Fire Department vehicle in a safe and prudent manner.
All employees are required to use seat belts at all times when operating a Fire Department vehicle. All personnel shall ride only in regular seats provided with seat belts. Riding on tailboards or other exposed positions is not permitted on any vehicle at any time. The company officer and driver of the vehicle shall confirm that all personnel and riders are on-board, properly attired, with seat belts on, before the vehicle is permitted to move.
Vehicles shall be operated in compliance with the Federal and State Motor Vehicle Code. This code provides specific legal exceptions to regular traffic regulations that apply to Fire Department vehicles only when responding to an emergency incident. Emergency response does not absolve the driver or the company officer of any responsibility to drive with due caution. The driver of the emergency vehicle and its officer are responsible for its safe operation at all times.
When responding in the emergency mode, warning lights must be on and sirens must be sounded to warn drivers of other vehicles. When responding or returning in a non emergency mode, warning lights and sirens shall not be used.
The use of sirens and warning lights does not automatically give the right-of-way to the emergency vehicle. These emergency devices simply request the right-of-way from other drivers, based on their awareness of the emergency vehicle presence. Emergency vehicle drivers and company officers must make every possible effort to make their presence and intended actions known to other drivers, and must drive defensively to be prepared for the unexpected or inappropriate actions of others.
Fire Department vehicles are authorized to exceed posted speed limits only when responding in an emergency mode under favorable conditions. This applies only with light traffic, good roads, good visibility and dry pavement. Under these conditions a maximum of 10 mph over the posted speed limit is authorized. Under less than favorable conditions, the posted speed limit shall be the absolute maximum permissible.
Federal and State Motor Vehicle Codes prohibit travel in oncoming traffic lanes (i.e. beyond double yellow lines). However, when emergency vehicles must travel in oncoming traffic lanes, the maximum permissible speed shall be 20 mph. On limited access roadways (e.g. interstates, freeways, and toll roads) the use of oncoming traffic lanes shall only be used at the request of the Police and only after it is assured that all oncoming traffic is stopped. The Fire Department shall confirm the traffic has been stopped before entering any roadway against traffic.
Intersections present the greatest potential danger to emergency vehicles. When approaching a negative right-of-way intersection (red light, stop sign, and yield sign) the vehicle shall come to a complete stop and shall proceed only when the driver can account for all oncoming traffic in all lanes yielding the right-of-way. When emergency vehicles must use center or oncoming traffic lanes to approach controlled intersections, (traffic light or stop sign) they must come to a complete stop before proceeding through the intersection, including occasions when the emergency vehicle has a green light. When approaching and crossing an intersection with the right-of-way, drivers shall not exceed the posted speed limit.
Emergency response is authorized only in conjunction with emergency incidents. Unnecessary emergency response shall not be permitted. When the first unit reports on the scene and establishes and confirms that there is no emergency, the incident commander will advise the I.C. and Communications and all additional responding units shall be alerted to continue to the scene in the nonemergency mode, or returned in service whichever is appropriate.
During an emergency response, fire vehicles shall avoid passing other emergency vehicles. If passing is necessary, the vehicle being passed must be contacted by radio and shall, when possible, move to the right lane.
Drivers shall avoid backing whenever possible. Where backing is unavoidable, at least one spotter shall be used. If no spotter is available, the driver shall dismount and walk completely around apparatus to determine if obstructions are present before backing. Members shall not be permitted to ride on tailboard or running board while backing the vehicle.
The unique hazards of driving on or adjacent to the fireground requires the driver to use extreme caution and to be alert and prepared to react to the unexpected. Drivers must consider the dangers their moving vehicle poses to fireground personnel and spectators who may be preoccupied with the emergency, and may inadvertently step in front of, or behind, a moving vehicle.
When stopped at the scene of an incident, vehicles shall be placed to protect personnel who may be working in the street and warning lights shall be used to make approaching traffic aware of the incident. During emergency operations, vehicles shall be angled to block at least one lane of traffic and, where applicable, the road’s shoulder. All personnel working in or near traffic lanes shall wear high visibility vests as per SOP 2.059.
At night, vehicle mounted floodlights and any other lighting available shall be used to illuminate the scene. The total amount of lighting used at nighttime emergencies shall be managed to prevent blinding other drivers as they approach the scene.
Emergency Response Criteria
• All personnel seated and belted
• Warning lights and Sirens activated
• Maximum 10 mph over posted speed limit.
• Traveling in center or oncoming traffic lanes, 20 mph maximum and
   complete stop at all traffic lights/stop signs.
• Posted speed limit when entering intersections with green light.
• Complete stop at all red lights, stop signs and yield signs
G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.001_emergency_response.doc

Accidents Involving FD Vehicles
Jul 15, 2010
 To outline the procedure to be followed whenever a Norwalk Fire Department vehicle is involved in an accident.

Whenever a Norwalk Fire Department vehicle is involved in an accident the following actions shall be taken. These procedures are to be followed no matter how slight the damage may be. It shall be the responsibility of the company officer or division supervisor to ensure that the appropriate steps are taken.

  1. The Deputy Chief on duty shall be notified.
  1. The Norwalk Police Department shall be contacted and requested to respond to the scene. A police report shall be obtained as soon as possible.
  1. A CIRMA Loss Notice Report must be filled out by the company officer or division supervisor and copies sent to the Chief’s Office and the Apparatus Maintenance Division. If the accident should occur outside normal business hours all paperwork should be forwarded to the Deputy Chief.
  1. The company officer/supervisor should call CIRMA (203-773-8134) immediately to report the accident to a CIRMA representative.
  1. All follow-up will be handled by the Apparatus Maintenance Division.

G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.003_ accidents involv FD.doc

Norwalk Hospital Apparatus Assignments
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:          2.017
TYPE:          OPERATIONS                                                                                                            
DATE:         Aug 20, 2009 (Replaces version dated April 19, 1984)

Provide for standard response to fire alarms at Norwalk Hospital.
 Upon receipt of a fire alarm at Norwalk Hospital, regardless of whether in the “old section” or “new section”, apparatus will report to the following locations:
Car 2:
At main entrance to Hospital. Establishes command, makes contact with security to verify location of alarm and type of incident. (Car 2, or Car 2 aide, may also check alarm panel to verify location if necessary).  
Engine 2:
Stage at Elmcrest Avenue and Stevens Street, near hydrant.
Truck 2:
At employee entrance on Stevens Street. Proceed to alarm location with building security to investigate alarm.
Rescue 2:
Stage at employee entrance on Stevens Street, prepared to support Truck 2 if directed.
Engine 1:
Proceed to main entrance ramp on Maple Street, staging near FDC connection, prepared to pump into FDC if directed. (See “water supply” below)
Truck 1:
Stage at Prospect & Maple.  (If so directed by I.C., Truck 1 can pull into ambulatory entrance and crew can enter building from here).
NOTE:  None of the above precludes the I.C. from assigning apparatus to different locations if information is received en-route, reporting an actual fire or other incident at a specified location in the building.
Water Supply
Pumping into any FDC at Norwalk Hospital, regardless of whether labeled “sprinkler connection” or “standpipe connection” will supply all the fire protection systems with water.  The building fire pump will automatically activate when water is flowing from a sprinkler head or standpipe outlet.
NOTE: The parking garage is a separate dry system which the fire department must pump into to supply water to the system.
C:\Documents and Settings\lreilly\My Documents\Ops SOPS\SOP_2.017.Hospital..doc Last printed 8/13/2009 9:38:00 AM

Rope Use and Classifications
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:          2.06
TYPE:          Operations      
TITLE:        Rope Use and Classifications
DATE:        01.05.2007

  1. LIFELINE: ½ inch or larger kernmantle rope, labeled, inspected and stowed in rope bag.
    1. Used for life safety applications
    2. Hauling fire personnel or patients
    3. Rigging for hauling systems
    4. Each line has an ID number with diameter and length
    5. Engine Companies will have two assigned and stowed in the high side compartment with the driver’s SCBA
    1. Used for emergency bail out procedures
    2. Life safety search applications
    3. SHOULD NOT be used for hoisting tools
    1. Used for hoisting tools and equipment
    2. Vehicle stabilization applications
A.     A quarterly inspection or after use inspection should be completed and logged in the rope inspection bag
B.     Inspection should follow the Pemberthy Method:
1.      Visual inspection, look for:
a.      Discoloration of the sheath
b.      Pics with greater than 50% blown out
c.      Cuts
d.      Glossy, glaze marks (excessive friction heat)
e.      Flat or crushed spots
f.        Grit or dirt
2.      Feel the rope for:
a.      Changes in diameter
b.      Stiffness of fibers, core damage
                                                                                   i.            Hard core could have an object lodged in core
                                                                                 ii.            Soft core could mean stretched fibers
B.     A quarterly and if rope is used for a search activity inspection should be performed using the same method as lifeline
C.    Periodic checks should be performed to make sure that the rope is not wet in the pouch and turnout pocket
D.    Carabineer shall also be inspected for proper gate movement and screw lock
A.     If any rope is dirty it can be washed at Station 1 by placing it in laundry bag and washing on the low heat setting
B.     Rope should be stuffed back into the rope bag or personal pouch opposite the way it was deployed. This reduces rope memory
C.    If knots are kept in the rope they should be loosely retied
D.    Rope (lifeline) inspection should be documented in the rope inspection log that matches the rope ID
E.     Any damage or out of service criteria, notify the officer on duty and they shall notify the appropriate officer for replacement

Standard Method for Packing Hose
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:        2.004 
TYPE:      Operations                                                                                                            
TITLE:      Standard Method for packing hose 
DATE:      October 15, 2009  

Establish a standard method of loading hose beds in the Norwalk Fire Department.
For pre-connect cross lays:
Firefighter assignments:
One (1) firefighter on top of cross lays
One (1) firefighter on each side of the cross lays
One (1) firefighter feeding the hose
All bends will line up with the edge of cross lay bed, with the exception of the “rabbit ears.”
The “rabbit ears” or “loops” will be placed only on the side having a discharge.
On Engines that have a center discharge, the loops will be placed on both sides of all cross lays.
On 200 foot pre-connects, an approximately 6 inch rabbit ear (loop) will be placed on every third row/bend.
Loops will allow a location for both the nozzle man and hydrant man to grab the hose when pulling it of the truck.
The nozzle man will have approximately sixty (60) feet of hose on his arm/shoulder when grabbing this loop.
On the 250 foot pre connect, an approximately six (6) inch rabbit ear (loop) will be placed on every fourth row/bend.
Loops will allow a location for both nozzle man and the hydrant man to grab the hose when pulling it off the truck.
The nozzle man will have approximately sixty (60) feet of hose on his arm/shoulder when grabbing this loop.
Key Points to Remember:
Repacking the cross lays is best performed by thee (3) firefighters.
Pre-connect hose packs start on the right side of each cross lay bed.
Hose bends are to line up with edge of cross lay bed.
“Rabbit ears” will be approximately six (6) inches long. Rabbit ears will be on the side with the discharge or on alternate sides for apparatus with center discharges.
200 foot pre-connects have ears every third row.
250 foot pre-connects have rabbit ears every fourth row.
Truck 1 (quint) will use a straight load for the pre connects.
For 4 (or 5) Inch supply line on Engines:
Firefighter assignments:
            At least one (1) firefighter on top of the hose bed.
            One (1) firefighter on the tailboard
            At least one (1) firefighter on the ground.
All hose packs will start on the right (officer’s) side of the hose bed.
The first row of bends will line up approximately eight (8) inches from the edge of the hose bed, creating a step.
Starting with the second row, hose should be offset by approximately four (4) to six (6) inches every other row, allowing the bends to sit cleanly on the bed without rising up.
Hose should be packed neatly and in a straight line.
Key points to remember:
Repacking the hose bed is best performed by three or more firefighters.
Hose packing should start on the right side of the bed.
The first row should start approximately 8 inches back from the edge of the hose bed.
Starting with the second row, hose should be offset by 4-6 inches every other row.
2 ½” hose beds
Hose beds vary, due to layout of each vehicle. Hose load should be noted before stretching lines and re-packed in the same manner after testing or use.
4” hose on the Truck companies
Also varies and should be replaced in the same manner it was put on previously.
G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.004_packing hose.doc

Personal Facepieces & Regulators
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:    2.053     
TYPE: Operations                                                                                                                
TITLE:   Personal Facepieces & Regulators    
DATE:   July 20, 2005    

The Norwalk Fire Department intends to issue to all members engaged in firefighting operations their own SCBA face-piece and regulator. This is being done to better protect the health and welfare of the members of the department. The intent of this SOP is to outline procedures for the use and care of this equipment.
1. All members engaged in firefighting operations will be fit tested for a proper face piece seal at The Maintenance Division if they have not already done so.
A. Anyone who purchased their own face piece previously must be fit tested with that face piece if they wish to continue using it.
B. The Training Director shall ensure that new hires are fit tested and provided with this equipment before SCBA training or assignment to a Platoon
3. All members engaged in firefighting operations shall be issued one (1) personal face piece, one (1) personal regulator with quick disconnect, one (1) voice emitter, and one (1) storage bag. The member’s drill number will be engraved on the face piece and the regulator, and a sticker with that person’s name will be affixed to both items. Each storage bag will have the person’s name and drill number embroidered on it.
A.     The face piece and regulator being issued shall be considered part of your personal protective equipment, just like your turnout gear. If you work an overtime tour or an exchange of time in another station you must bring your face piece and regulator. Borrowing someone else’s equipment defeats the purpose of issuing individual face pieces and regulators.
B.     At the start of your shift all personnel shall attach their regulator and face piece to the SCBA they will be using that shift. The SCBA shall be tested to ensure proper operation.
C.    At the end of your work shift you shall remove your face piece and regulator from the SCBA and return it to your storage bag.
D. All equipment should be sanitized after use. (See attachment).
4. The Lieutenant at Station 2 will be issued several regulators to be used in the event a regulator malfunctions or is damaged at an incident which occurs when The Shops are closed. The spares are not intended for the use of someone who does not have their regulator with them.
5. The Department Maintenance Division shall maintain all components of the department’s SCBA. Company Officers shall notify the Division of any needed repairs to regulators or face pieces.
G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.053_Personal facepiece.regulator.doc

Operations at Motor Vehicle Accidents
Oct 27, 2009

SOP:      2.058  
TYPE:    Operations                                                                                                 
TITLE:   Operations at Motor Vehicle Accidents   
DATE:   October 22, 2009 (replaces May 29, 1992 version)   


To establish standard procedures for the initial response and operations at motor vehicle accidents the Norwalk Fire Department responds to.
I. Safety Considerations
All members working at the scene of a motor vehicle accident shall wear proper P.P.E., which includes:
  1. Full turnout gear, including helmet
  2. Eye protection when working in or around vehicle during extrications or when otherwise required by Company officer
  3. Gloves with medical gloves underneath (leather gloves are acceptable for extrication)
  4. SCBA if needed when positioned with a hose-line
  5. Reflective vests when required by SOP
II. First Due Engine
  1. Create a safe working area for all emergency responders. The lane the accident is in, and one additional lane, should be blocked.
  2. Perform a size up of patients and hazards
  3. Request additional fire apparatus or EMS personnel if needed
  4. Identify hazards:
    1. Fluid spills
    2. Hybrid vehicles
    3. LPG or CNG vehicles
    4. Remote or keyless ignition vehicles (move key away from vehicle)
    5. Air bags that have not deployed (look for SRS marking on dash, roofline, seats)
    6. Devices (phones, DVD players, GPS units plugged into 12v. outlets
  1. Start to control hazards
1.      Turn vehicle ignition off
2.      Apply emergency brake and secure transmission (chock wheels if necessary)
3.      Dry chemical extinguisher should be deployed near vehicle
4.      Disconnect battery if access can be gained without moving or shaking vehicle
5.      Speedi-dri on spills for traction
6.      Start BLS care of occupants if entry can be made safely
7.      Light the scene (Use Rescue if needed)
8.      Deploy a charged 1 ¾” line if extrication will be performed. Consider a foam line if there is a large fuel source.
III. Rescue Company
  1. Stabilize vehicle with assistance of Engine crew
  2. Confirm all hazards have been identified and secured
  3. Gain access to patient/s if needed (attempt to access passenger compartment from furthest point away from patient)
  4. Consult with EMS provider about preferred method of patient removal
  5. Identify a primary extrication plan
  6. Cover the patient and rescuer inside of vehicle
  7. Extricate the patient
  8. Control all glass breakage
  9. Cut all seat belts
  10. Remove plastic trim exposing any hazards
  11. Allow the tools to do the work
  12. Do not attempt to hold a piece that is being spread
  13. Continue to address vehicle stabilization and hazards
IV. Car 2
  1. Car 2’s primary function at motor vehicle accidents (other than assuming IC) is providing for the safety of personnel on the scene.
    1. Survey scene to ascertain ability of units to work safely
    2. Affect any changes necessary to create safe working area
           3. Call for additional resources if needed to support Operations
  1. Car 2 should be positioned so as to provide additional blocking if needed and to make use of the warning devices on the vehicle to provide protection for personnel operating at the scene
G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.058_MVA_ops.doc

Incident Command System
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:      2.061   
TYPE:    Operations                                                                                                              
TITLE:    Incident Command System   
DATE:    October 1, 2009 (replaces June 1, 1993 version)   

The Incident Command System (ICS) is an organized approach to effectively control and manage operations at fires and other emergencies and can be modified to fit any particular incident
The Norwalk Fire Department responds to a wide range of emergency incidents. In order to effectively manage personnel and resources and to provide for the safety and welfare of our personnel, the Norwalk Fire Department shall operate within the Incident Command System (hereafter referred to as ICS) at every incident to which it responds. All members shall review and understand the following SOP.
 i.            Several laws and standards mandate the use of ICS, including OSHA 1910.120, and NFPA 1500 “Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program”, and NFPA 1561 “Standard on Emergency Services Incident Management”.
ii.            The purpose of this document is to establish and mandate the use of ICS at all events. This is not a training or reference manual and as such will not detail all the various procedures/components that are part of NIMS/ICS. For a complete review of the ICS system, please refer to: NIMS-Incident Command System for the Fire Service—Student Manual(2nd edition) workbook.
A: Command
  1. The Norwalk Fire Department shall use the Incident Command System at every incident to which the Department responds.
  1. The first arriving unit, or the only unit, on the scene of every incident shall establish Command.  (For single unit responses, see the next section regarding Informal Command).
  1. The Incident Commander (IC) is directly responsible for the outcome of the incident.
Three types of Command will be used, depending on the number of units responding and the number of entities represented at the command post.
The three types of Command are as follows:
1: Informal
This type of Command is used when only one unit responds to an incident. When a single unit responds to an incident, it does not need to formally announce that the officer is “Command”. Being the only officer on the scene, it is understood that only one officer is on scene and that he is in charge.
2: Formal
This type of Command shall be established whenever more than one unit responds to an incident. The first unit on scene shall announce that it is            “(Location) Command”, and give the normal on scene report.
3: Unified:
This type of Command shall be used at large incidents when the incident would be best served if more than one entity shares the responsibility of Command.
As an incident expands, Command must gather the necessary resources to handle the situation. Command must ensure that a reasonable span of control is maintained throughout the incident.
Command shall be responsible for the following four functions at every incident:
1: Operations
Directly mitigates the emergency or situation present. At a fire, Operations directs firefighting crews. At a haz-mat incident, Operations ensures that the steps needed to stop the release and secure the area are taken.
2: Planning:
Responsible for looking at what happened, what is currently happening, and what will (or can) happen in the future concerning the incident. Planning considers and records specifics concerning the incident itself and the crews operating at the incident.
3: Logistics:
Responsible for getting the tools and equipment necessary to handle the situation. Once specific tools and equipment are on the scene, Logistics is responsible for their maintenance and replacement when needed.
4: Administration/Finance:
Handles the administrative needs of the incident such as the payroll, payments for purchased equipment, and the handling of worker’s compensation claims.
Additionally, Command has the following responsibilities pertaining to staff at every incident:
1: Safety:
The individual responsible for the safety concerns of all on-scene personnel and civilians in close proximity to the incident. (At large incidents the Department Safety Officer will normally respond to fill this position)
2: Liaison:
The individual who must interact with the outside agencies that respond, report to, or are present at emergencies, including the police, utilities, local or other government officials, and agencies and civilians who have a vested interest in the incident.
3: Information Officer (PIO)
The individual responsible for providing information concerning the incident to the news media, concerned outside agencies, displaced and/or affected civilians at the scene and safety crews.
  1. If Command can not handle any or all of the above mentioned functions and staff positions, he shall delegate any or all of them to other members at the scene.
  1. If Command does not delegate these responsibilities to others, then Command is responsible for them.
  1. Command shall make such assignments and assemble a command structure proportional to the needs of the incident and resources available. Large scale and complex incident = Big Command organization           Small scale and “simple” incident = Little Command organization
The first arriving unit on the scene shall establish Command. The member establishing Command will remain as Command until the incident has been terminated or Command has been transferred
The initial IC shall give a brief report upon arrival, giving unit identification, location of incident, conditions found, and announcing via radio that “(Location) Command” has been established. (Single unit responses do not require the “Command” announcement).
B: Staging
Staging is the placement of personnel and equipment that are ready for immediate use. Staging gives unassigned responding units focus and a function.
There are two levels of staging:
Level I staging
Used for regular or first alarm assignments. The officer of each unit responding chooses the appropriate location to stage, consistent with any Department SOPs addressing staging for a particular type of incident or particular location.
Level II staging
Level II staging requires that responding units report to a specific staging area. Command usually will designate the staging area. Level II staging is normally used at large, more complex incidents such as multiple alarm fires. The first officer reporting to the staging area shall be designated the staging officer. 
C: Communications
The radio designation “Command” will be used along with the geographic location of the incident. For example, a fire on Van Buren Avenue would be designated: “Van Buren Command”. This designation will not change throughout the duration of the incident. The designation of “Command” will remain with the officer currently in Command of the incident throughout the event.
The Norwalk Fire Department communications shall continue to use the sender-receiver model for radio communications:
1.      Sender will give sender ID, then call receiver ID
2.      Receiver will give sender ID to indicate they are ready to receive.
3.      Sender then gives the message, order, etc.
4.      Receiver acknowledges receipt of the sender’s message (A brief restatement is the best acknowledgment)
For example:
IC:         “Van Buren Command to Engine 1”
Eng. 1:  “Engine 1 by”
IC:         “Engine 1; stretch a pre-connect to the 3rd floor”
Eng. 1:  “Engine 1 copies, stretch a pre-connect to the 3rd floor”
D: Dividing the Incident Scene
For the purpose of coordinating operations, the following procedure shall be used when geographically dividing an emergency incident.
1.      The exterior walls of any structure shall be designated as “Sides” and shall be identified in order by going clockwise beginning with “Side A”
2.      Side A shall be defined as that side containing the street address. Under unusual circumstances, the IC may designate any side as Side A.
3.      Exposures shall be identified by the side of the involved structure to which it is exposed. Example: The exposure facing Side C of an involved structure would be identified as Exposure C.
4.      The interior floor area of a structure shall be known as a Division and shall be identified by its floor number. Example: The fifth floor of a structure would be identified as Division 5. A single story structure would only have a Division 1.
5.      The roof shall be designated Roof Division
6.      The basement shall be designated Basement Division.
7.      Unusual areas such a multiple sub-basement, mezzanines, etc., shall be designated as Divisions but may be identified at the IC’s discretion.
Personnel assigned to supervise a geographic area shall be designated as and identified by, the geographic area. Ex.: the supervisor of the fifth floor of a structure would be identified as Division 5.
 (See pgs. 6-7 for examples)
G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.061_ICS.doc

Honda Portable Pump
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:     2.078   
TYPE:   Operations                                                                                                              
TITLE:   Honda Portable Pump   
DATE:   June 7, 2006      

Outline procedure for using new portable pump for island fires, or other locations where needed.
The Norwalk Fire Department has just purchased a lightweight, high-pressure portable pump that can be used for grass fires on the Norwalk Islands or any other area that is inaccessible to a pumper. The pump and accessories will be located at Station 3. Engine 3’s crew will transport the equipment and operate it unless directed otherwise by the Deputy Chief on duty.
Honda model WH20X four cycle portable pump
gas can
20’ length of flexible hard suction hose with floating strainer
200’ of 1” forestry-type hose with a variable pattern fog nozzle in carryall bag
pail for priming water
gated wye
1 ½” X 1” reducer
  1. In the event the pump needs to be used the equipment listed above should be brought to the scene along with at least one high rise pack. Depending on location, bringing additional lengths of 1 ¾” hose may be desirable.
  1. Stretch the 150’ of 1 ¾” high rise hose from the pump toward the fire scene.
  2. Use the high-rise pack nozzle with the ½ overhaul tip attached. This will provide 50 GPM at adequate pressure. Additional lengths of 1 ¾”may be added without a large increase in friction loss. 
  1. Up to 200’ of the forestry hose can be added to the end of the 1 ¾” line. This will increase your reach and maneuverability. Keep in mind that this will cut down on your flow rate considerably.
Keep in Mind that:
The pump needs to be primed before starting the motor. You do this by removing the priming water filler cap, and filling the pump with water using the pail.
The pump will run approximately one hour under a full load on a tank of gasoline.
All equipment needs to be flushed with fresh water after being used in salt water.
G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.078_Honda port. pump.doc

Personnel Accountability on the Fireground
Oct 28, 2009

The ultimate goal of the Personnel Accountability System is to keep track of units, personnel, and their functions and to identify as quickly as possible who may be missing following a building collapse, flashover, “mayday” explosion, etc. The Norwalk Fire Department Accountability System will attempt to build on the procedures and equipment already in place to provide a practical, user friendly system.


This procedure will assist the Incident Commander (“I.C.”) in accounting for personnel in the event that one of the types of conditions mentioned above occurs at an incident. Several NFPA standards require the use of a Personnel Accountability system, including:


NFPA 1561 “Standard on Emergency Services Incident Management System”, requires that: “the personnel accountability system shall be used at all incidents” (5.3.1) There are many means of meeting these requirements. Components can include tactical worksheets, command boards, apparatus riding lists…. and so forth. These components can be used in conjunction with one another to facilitate the tracking of responders by both location and function”.


NFPA 1500 “Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health program”, (2007 edition) requires the Fire Department “establish written standard operating procedures for a personnel accountability system that is in accordance with NFPA 1561” (sec. 8.4.1).

  • Daily Lineup – The “Riding List” carried on all apparatus in the officer’s position. Used for accountability purposes and to cross check with unit rings for accuracy.
  • Accountability Tag - a plastic laminated picture identification card, attached to a hook for deposit on the company’s unit ring.
  • Unit Ring – a metal ring with the company designation. Accountability tags will be attached to the unit ring to indicate who is assigned on that vehicle. The unit ring should be kept near the officer’s riding position. Unit ring may
be used for accountability if “Riding List” is not available.      
  • PAR - “Personnel Accountability Report” Thephrase used on the radio to indicate that Command wants all companies to verify their personnel are accounted for.
  • Level I accountability - used for all responses.
  • Level II accountability - whenever the I.C. designates an accountability officer.
Accountability Tags

Each member is issued two (2) accountability tags. One (1) tag will be affixed to the top snap hook of turnout coats when off duty. All personnel shall immediately inform their company officer when a tag is lost. The member will use their second tag and notify the Deputy Chief on duty regarding the missing tag. The Deputy Chief will be responsible for obtaining a replacement from the Training Director.

In Station

When personnel report for duty they shall place one accountability tag on the unit ring. This shall take place whenever there is a change of personnel.


Officers shall be responsible for verifying that unit rings accurately reflect the personnel currently assigned to that apparatus. The unit ring will be attached in the area of the dashboard area near the officer’s riding position.


The Riding List shall be placed in the officer’s riding position. This shall provide for a primary accountability system. Unit rings may be used if Riding List is not available.

Single Unit Response (Level I Accountability)

When a single unit responds to an incident, nothing further needs to be done. In the event of an emergency or loss of contact, later arriving units will know exactly who entered the hazard zone and is not accounted for by checking the riding list and/or unit ring.


Multiple Unit Response (Level I Accountability)

For multi unit responses, the Riding List will be the initial accountability system, (unless Riding List is not available, in which case unit rings can be used).

If the incident escalates in size or complexity the IC may choose to designate the incident as Level II accountability. 


Regardless of which level of accountability used, it is imperative that the following procedures are followed to ensure the safety of personnel operating at the incident:

  • The I.C. must maintain an awareness of location and function of all companies at the incident.
  • Company Officers must maintain an awareness of the location and function of all personnel assigned to them
  • Company officers must report to the I.C. on a regular basis the status all tasks assigned to them and their location, and completion of the task.
  • The I.C. may establish an accountability officer at any time, which then moves the incident to a Level II accountability status.
Large or Complex Incidents (Level II Status)

The I.C. shall ensure the establishment of an accountability sector and the maintenance of the accountability board/binder during large or complex incidents. It is recommended that such procedures be implemented when the incident continues to grow in size, complexity, or hazards, or when resources greater than the available on duty units in the City are required.


The accountability officer may be the Deputy Chief’s aide or any other officer or firefighter or company so designated.


When an accountability officer has been designated, that person shall collect unit rings, and place them on the accountability board.


Staff personnel arriving on scene shall report to the Command Post  so the accountability officer can add them to the accountability board.


When the I.C. designates that an incident is a Level II incident, the I.C. shall notify Communications of this. The dispatcher shall then start an incident timer and notify the I.C. at 15 minutes intervals, until the incident is under control.


Personnel Accountability Report (“PAR”)

“PAR” will be the term used over the radio by the I.C. to indicate an accountability check. When Command calls for “PAR” each company officer shall confirm that all personnel are together or accounted for, prior to advising command that that unit has PAR. Situations when the I.C. would initiate PAR can include:

  • Any report of a missing firefighter
  • Any change from offensive to defensive
  • Sudden hazardous event, (collapse, flashover, etc.)
  • Emergency evacuation of the building
  • 15 minute elapsed time
  • Any other situation where the I.C. deems it necessary

An example of Command requesting PAR would be as follows:

  • Main Street Command: “Main Street Command to all units, stand by for PAR”.
  • Main Street Command: “Command to Engine 1
  • Engine 1:                        “Engine 1, first floor, has PAR”
  • Main Street Command:  “Command to Truck 1”
  • Truck 1:                          Truck 1, second floor, does not have PAR.

                                              Firefighter Jones is unaccounted for”

Company Unity

The Personnel Accountability System should be kept manageable if crews operate as complete units and company officers ensure that the personnel assigned to their companies remain together as much as possible. Every firefighter has the responsibility to stay together with his company, or assignment. Each company officer is responsible for the personnel operating under him and will be reporting on the status of his personnel during PAR.


G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.081_accountability.doc


Operating Marine 24
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:      2.087   
TYPE:    Operations                                                                                                
TITLE:    Operating Marine 24   
DATE:    September 1, 2009 (replaces May 19, 2008 version)   

To provide a set of standard procedures that will allow the members of the Norwalk Fire Department to operate the department’s fire/rescue boat in a safe manner, consistent with the mission of the Norwalk Fire Department. Procedures for operating any of the Norwalk Fire department’s small boats, inflatables, or other small ice/water rescue craft will be covered in a separate SOP.
Marine 24 In-sevice/OOS Status
When Marine unit(s) are OOS or back in service, notify the Deputy Chief and dispatch by phone. This should be followed by an email to everyone in the FD Officers mail group, Mechanics, and all qualified Boat Captains.
Notification / Dispatch
Dispatcher shall send the closest company that has a qualified Boat Captain to respond. Dispatcher shall contact the on duty Deputy Chief to determine what unit/s to dispatch.
If notification of a call is received in any other manner, such as over the marine radio, the Deputy Chief shall be informed, and Dispatch shall be notified to send the closest company as in above.
Responding to Marine 24:
All apparatus shall respond to Veterans Park and crews shall board from the city dock at that location.
Staffing aboard Marine 24:
No less than 2 personnel (one of which must be a USCG licensed Captain) shall be aboard the vessel while conducting emergency operations or responding to an emergency incident. It is recommended that the second person aboard the vessel be capable of navigation while operating during limited visibility. Staffing prior to incident during events or holidays that pose a high risk for incident shall have (4) personnel aboard the vessel (one of which must be a USCG licensed Captain) consisting of (1) one officer and (3) three firefighters. 
Use of Personal Flotation Devices:
Personal floatation devices are required to be worn at all times. Float coats, work vests, or jumpsuits, etc. also known as flotation aid apparel may substitute for wearing a PFD. However, the proper amount of approved PFD’s still must be aboard the vessel for the amount of personnel on board. 
Prior to getting underway:
A determination by the Coxswain shall be made regarding staffing Marine 24 when responding to an incident that requires the vessel to be minimally staffed so that available deck space can be used for rescuing victims
The Coxswain shall follow the guidelines set forth in Appendix A.
Responsibilities while underway:
The Coxswain (and Fire Officer, if aboard) is responsible for the safety of the crew. It is the responsibility of the Coxswain to know and operate the vessel consistent with the Navigational Rules of the Road. All personnel on board shall conduct themselves professionally and consistent with the Norwalk Fire Departments SOP’s regarding ethics and conduct. The Coxswain shall be responsible for his/her own wake even when responding to and emergency with emergency lights displayed and an audible siren. The crew should always monitor VHF channel 16 and 13. If required to wear corrective lenses they should be worn while navigating any vessel. Fenders shall be used when approaching any dock or vessel.
Working with other responders:
The Norwalk Fire Departments should work in a cooperative manner with other agencies such as Marine Police from any jurisdiction, USCG, Salvage companies, and Good Samaritans.
The proper marine etiquette and terminology shall be used when aboard the vessel as well as when communicating on the VHF marine radio. Prior to leaving the dock, hail any other responders that are already on scene to see if any special needs equipment should be brought to the scene. VHF channel 16 should be used for hailing and distress calls only. All traffic should be switched to a working channel. If the Coast Guard is or will be included in the radio traffic, switch the distress vessel to VHF channel 22a. For reasons of liability, do not ever provide navigational assistance via VHF radio to a vessel in which their location cannot be confirmed visually. This does not include an attempt to stop a vessel from entering an area that should not be transited. Tidal information may be given for Norwalk Harbor. When answering a distress call via VHF marine radio or by phone, follow the guidelines set forth in Appendix E.
Marine 24 is equipped with a PTT cell phone to aid in communications. However any communication to Dispatch of an important nature (asking for DEP, or additional units, etc.) shall be made over the FD radio. The reason for this to ensure that the call and time of such call is documented
Navigating in shallow areas:
Marine 24 should not be navigated in an area that does not provide enough water based on tide unless an incident and conditions warrant such a position. It should first be determined whether Marine 24 has to navigate a shallow area. If responding to a “vessel aground” and there are no injuries, environmental hazards, and the vessel is stable, there is no need to approach the vessel aground. Communicate to the Captain of the vessel to ensure all persons on board are in good health and set up a communication schedule. If it is necessary to navigate a shallow area, both engines should be trimmed as high as possible without uncovering the intakes on the engines and without losing your steerage. One engine should always be in neutral to avoid damage to both engines/lower units. It may be practical to turn off one engine. Do not power through mud, rocks, and shellfish beds if aground. Use the oar to move the vessel to an area if it is so shallow. The Coxswain should have the crew positioned on board that is optimal for the least possible draft. The Coxswain shall post a “look out” whenever navigating in a shallow area as well as when navigating during limited visibility. Salvers typically have a lot of experience in these situations and should be viewed as professionals and used to our advantage. If it does not require more than one responding vessel to commit to the distress vessel, than remain in safe water. A safety perimeter zone may need to be maintained and enforce a “No Wake speed” through the safety perimeter zone.
Personal Protective Equipment:
The Fire Officer (if none present the Coxswain) on board shall determine whether personnel need to bring turnout gear and/or SCBA aboard Marine 24. Considerations should include thermal protection, Haz-Mat exposure, and protection from bodily fluid. Personnel should not be required to bring turnout gear aboard Marine 24 for routine patrols, training that does not require turnout gear or for emergency responses that do not require the protection offered by turnout gear. Two (2) sets of turnout gear are kept aboard for the purpose of handling small incidents as well as incidents in which Marine 24 is staffed prior to incident and it is not necessary or practical to respond to the dock to pick up an Engine Company. Personnel should only use this gear to attack a fire that is small, in its incipient stage, or can be extinguished with a portable extinguisher. This turnout gear should not be used to position personnel in an IDLH environment unless a rescue is imminent. If SCBA is brought aboard the vessel much care should be placed to avoid the SCBA from exposure to salt water. 

Any persons in the water should be recovered prior to attempting to extinguish a fire aboard any vessel. The Fire Officer (if none present the Coxswain) on board shall be in charge of firefighting operations. Do not approach a vessel on fire through a sheen of gasoline that may ignite around your vessel. If possible approach the vessel on fire from the windward side. If there are immediate exposures and the vessel on fire cannot be extinguished with a quick knock down by an extinguisher, the vessel on fire may be moved to an area free from exposures. This should be done in a controlled manner such as using the grapple hook to tow the vessel to an area more suitable for fire. The vessel on fire should not be cut free from a dock if it is possible that it will drift into another dock with more exposures.
SCUBA Diving Operations:
If practical the vessel should be anchored. A Security call shall be made on VHF channel 16 and 13 advising mariners transiting the area of diving operations every 15 minutes. A dive flag must be displayed above the vessel. It is recommended that a dive line (with flag) of 150 – 300 feet be deployed while conducting dive operations. The engines must not be running while divers are in the water. Advise dispatch that Marine 24 will have a delayed response to any emergency calls. Marine 24 must not respond to incidents until all divers are back on board. A member must be assigned as Dive Master and remain on deck separate from the Coxswain. The Dive Master will be responsible for maintaining a log of all divers in the water, the entry and exit times, air pressures in/out of each diver, and maintain a constant watch of the divers’ location by monitoring bubbles. The Coxswain will be responsible to maintain a constant watch (visual & radar) of vessel traffic and be ready to take actions necessary to divert a vessel on a course or passing too close to the divers’ safety zone. 
Securing Marine 24:
Personnel shall document in the ships log the incident number (if applicable), date, time, and nature of the work performed.
The Coxswain shall follow the guidelines set forth in Appendix B.
Apparatus check:
The Engine Company assigned to the Marine Station shall perform an apparatus style check following the guidelines set forth in Appendix C. The Deputy Chief in charge of the Platoon may designate another Company to perform the apparatus check.
G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\SOP 2.087_Marine 24.doc
Appendix A
Pre-Deployment Checklist:
  • Advise Norwalk Dispatch that you will be on board Marine 24 and that your Company apparatus is out of service. It will be assumed that your Company is extremely delayed and available for major incidents only. The dispatcher will notify the Deputy Chief.
  • If responding to an incident, notify the dispatcher to have the Norwalk Marine Police respond if not already en-route.
  • Switch the shore power circuit breaker to the “off” position and disconnect the shore power cord from the boat.
  • Turn the battery switch to the “on” position.
  • Both engines shall be started so that they may begin to warm up. (may need to be primed).
  • All radios shall be turned on and monitored. (VHF marine & NFD)
  • The Radar shall be powered on and may be left in Standby mode
  • Unless documented prior, a note of the current tides should be written on the pad of paper next to the helm.
  • Fuel level and weather forecast shall be considered prior to getting underway.
  • Scupper plugs may be installed prior to leaving the dock or once underway to free any standing water on the deck.

Appendix B
Returning to service check list:
·        All fuel and oil reservoir levels shall be checked and filled as needed. This includes the fire pump. If fuel is needed after the fuel dock has closed, a note shall be left for the following day shifts Company Officer assigned to the Marine Station to fuel the vessel.
·        Fenders should be set and the vessel secured properly in its berth.
·        The ships Log should be logged describing the nature of the work and persons on board. Note who the Coxswain was, as well as if there were any groundings.
·        Report any damage to the running gear and/or equipment to the officer(s) assigned in charge of the Marine Unit.
·        The scupper plugs must be removed from the scuppers.
·        If the boat left the “No Wake” zone it should washed with the curtains in the lowered position with special attention to the glass.
·        Wash down any salty equipment with fresh water.
·        If the Fire Pump was used it must be flushed and run using fresh water. Fuel tank shall be topped off after any use of pump.
·        All electronics and lights shall be turned off.
·        The curtains shall be left in the lowered position.
·        Turn the battery switch to the “off” position.
·        Plug the shore power cord back into the boat and switch the shore power circuit breaker back to the “on” position.
·        Notify Norwalk Dispatch that Marine 24 is secured at the dock and that your Company is back in service. The dispatcher will notify the Deputy Chief.

Appendix C
Apparatus Check
April through October
Marine 24 shall have an apparatus style check every second day on. The check shall consist of:
·        Fuel level (including fire pump)
·        Both oil reservoir levels
·        Check the bilge for excessive water
·        Clean the glass (rain-ex when necessary)
·        A written note shall be made of the tides for the day and the day to follow. These should be written on the pad of paper next to the helm.
·        Either take Marine 24 for a trip or run both engines for five minutes while monitoring gauges.
·        Ensure that scupper plugs are removed and battery switch is turned off prior to securing the vessel.
·        Check fluid levels and momentarily start fire pump to ensure operation. Shut down immediately to avoid pump over heat.
·        Check the equipment on board against the inventory listed in Appendix D.
Personnel shall document in the maintenance log the date the check was performed, engine hours, and if any corrective action was necessary.
November through March
Marine 24 shall have an apparatus style check every Monday, Friday, and the day following any snowfall. The check shall consist of:
·        Shoveling the deck to keep the scuppers free of snow and ice.
·        Make sure the deck gun is capped
·        Fuel level (including fire pump)
·        Both oil reservoir levels
·        Check the bilge for excessive water
·        Clean the glass (rain-ex when necessary)
·        Either take Marine 24 for a trip or run both engines for ten minutes while monitoring gauges.
·        Add anti-freeze where necessary.
·        Ensure that scupper plugs are removed and battery switch is turned off prior to securing the vessel.
·        Check fluid levels and momentarily start fire pump to ensure operation. Shut down immediately to avoid pump over heat.
·        Check the equipment on board against the inventory listed in Appendix D.
Personnel shall document in the maintenance log the date the check was performed, engine hours, and if any corrective action was necessary.

Appendix E
Questions to ask a vessel in distress in order:
Upon receiving a distress call document time and name of vessel.
If it is reported that the vessel has no name it shall be referred to as the length and manufacturer of the vessel ex. 22’ Sea ray
1. Location
1.       Lat & Long
2.       Geographical position
                  Can you see any Buoys?
                  What color / markings
                  Smoke stacks
                  Color of boats in the area primarily sail colors
2. Nature of Distress
2a. Fire on board
Instruct to don life preservers
How many persons on board
Any children?
Small fire - use Extinguisher
2b. Sinking
Instruct to don life preservers
How many persons on board
Any children?
If appropriate switch 22a (not necessary for calls received via cell phone)
Instruct them to stuff pillows/cushions in the holes
Stay aboard until they are forced to abandon the vessel
2c. Aground
How many persons on board
Any children?
If appropriate switch 22a (not necessary for calls received via cell phone)
Instruct them to check bilge to see if they are taking on water by lifting all hatch covers fore / aft
Instruct to don life preservers
Set an anchor if possible
2d. Disabled
How many persons on board
Any children?
Are all persons on board in good health?
If appropriate switch 14 (not necessary for calls received via cell phone)
Instruct to don life preservers
Set an anchor if possible.
3. Vessel description
·         Length
·         Hull color
·         Bimini color
·         Power or Sail
·         Sail color
Request a cell phone number if onboard

Storage and deployment of inflatable boat
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:          2.088
TYPE:          Operations                                                                                                       
TITLE:        Storage and deployment of inflatable boat
DATE:         September 17, 2009

Ensure that the inflatable boat at Station 2 is available and ready to be deployed without any delay.
  1. The inflatable shall be kept in the west end in the second bay (looking out at the overhead doors. Reserve Car 2 shall be parked in front of the inflatable and the trailer should be kept connected to Reserve Car 2.
  1. If the Reserve Car is needed for another purpose, it can be disconnected from the trailer. Use of Reserve Car 2 should be restricted to operational uses, such as relieving personnel at fire scenes, etc. It should not be used for running errands.
  1. Station 2 personnel are responsible for maintaining the readiness of the boat, trailer, and tow vehicle. These units shall be checked at least weekly. This would include washing Reserve Car 2 when necessary and keeping the interior neat and clean.
  1. Any mechanical problems should be reported to the Mechanics Division without delay.
C:\Documents and Settings\lreilly\My Documents\Ops SOPS\Ops SOP 2.088.inflatable_boat.doc

CO and HCN Monitoring at fires
Jul 15, 2010

SOP:        2.084 
TYPE:      Operations                                                                                                                       
TITLE:      CO and HCN Monitoring at fires 
DATE:      October 22, 2009 

To protect the health of all suppression and support personnel at the scene of a working fire, atmospheric monitoring will be performed.
Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) and Carbon Monoxide (CO) are both potentially deadly gases and by-products of combustion that are present at every structure fire and vehicle fire. HCN is produced when synthetic materials are burned and heated. CO is produced by incomplete combustion. The symptoms mirror each other, so individual monitoring for both gases is needed.
Scope and Procedure:
Properties of HCN and CO:
  • CO is a colorless, lighter than air gas with no odor. CO presence cannot be determined unless a gas monitor is used.
  • HCN is a colorless gas or bluish/white liquid with a bitter almond odor. (NIOSH). The properties of HCN in the structure fire environment will be completely masked by the smoke.
  • HCN and CO are both slightly lighter than air, but will linger in the closed environment.
PPE and Safety:
  • HCN and CO exposure may include headache, nausea, fatigue, and dizzy spells at low levels. They will cause respiratory problems, unconsciousness, and cardiac arrest at high levels. Both HCN and CO are flammable gases that will contribute to rollover and flashover.
  • Inhalation is the primary route of exposure for both products, so SCBA shall be worn in the presence of any smoke condition, including but not limited to kitchen and cooking fires.  
  • Skin absorption is a secondary route of entry for HCN. Turn out gear will help protect the HCN from entering through the skin. Turnout gear will hold HCN in the material, so the gear should be washed regularly after structure fires.
Atmospheric monitoring for HCN and CO will be performed before members are allowed to remove SCBA at:
  • All structure and contents fires
  • Vehicle or other fires in enclosed areas, such as a parking garage.
Turnout gear monitoring should be performed for any fires that exposed members to a sustained smoke atmosphere such as:
  • Rubbish fires
  • Vehicle fires 
Each company has the meter capability to do CO monitoring.
Rescue 2 and both truck companies have the meter capability to monitor HCN.
If there is an incident, and a HCN monitor is not on scene, the incident commander should request one.
The action levels for the monitoring and levels that would allow removal of SCBA are:
  • Carbon Monoxide: less than 35 PPM (NIOSH REL)
  • Hydrogen Cyanide: less than 5 PPM (NIOSH REL/STEL)
These are not levels to allow residents back into the structure, that should be (0) zero.
Monitoring should continue throughout the entire time companies are operating with out SCBA.  
It is the responsibility of the IC and/or the Safety Officer, to ensure that monitoring occurs and the above procedures followed.
Any personnel experiencing the following conditions should be transported to the hospital. The hospital should be made aware of the potential CO and cyanide exposure.
  • Exposed to a HCN level above IDLH (50PPM)
  • Exposed to a CO level above IDLH (1200PPM)
  • Signs and symptoms of exposure:
                                      Respiratory distress
                                      Chest pain
Officers should complete the proper reporting documentation, including exposure form, CIRMA form, and NFRIS personnel casualty form. 
     G:\SOP's\2.0 Operations\2.084 CO_HCN_monitoring.doc

Page Last Updated: Jul 15, 2010 (09:48:00)
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